Diabetes is a metabolic disorder where in human body does not produce or properly uses insulin, a hormone that is required to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Diabetes is a serious disease. It means your blood glucose (often called blood sugar) is too high. Your blood always has some glucose in it because your body needs it for energy. But too much glucose in your blood is not good for your health.
|Category of a person||Fasting Value||Target||After MealValue 2 hours after consuming glucose|
|Minimum Value||Maximum Value|
|Normal||70||100||Less than 140|
|Early Diabetes||101||126||140 to 200|
|Established Diabetes||More than 12||-||More than 200|
*All values are in Milligrams
HbA1c is a modified form of haemoglobin. Haemoglobin A1C or HbA1c is formed when glucose molecules get attached to the HbA molecules in a process known as glycosylation. Higher the level of glucose in the blood, higher will be haemoglobin A1C or HbA1C present in the blood. A normal non-diabetic HbA1C is 3.5-5.5%. In diabetes about 6.5% is good. The HbA1C level changes slowly, over 10 weeks, so it can be used as a 'quality control' test.
|HbA1c||Normal/abnormal||Average blood glucose|
|4-6.5%||Normal for those without diabetes||3-8mmol/L|
|6.5-7.5%||Target range for those with diabetes||8-10mmol/L|
|Greater than 9.5%||Very high||15 and above|